reverend mather on why war came
a brief history of the warre with the indians in new-england, report, book, reverend increase mather, 1676.
As for the Grounds, justness, and necessity of the present War with these barbarous
Creatures which have set upon us, my design is not to inlarge upon that Argument, but to leave that to others whom it mostly concerns, only in brief this. The irruption of this flame at this time was occasioned as followeth.
[T]he main ground why they murthered [John Sassamon, American Indian who intermediary between his people and the English] seems to be, because he discovered their subtle and malicious designs, which they were complotting against the English. [King Phillip] doth call his men together and Arme them, and refused to come when sent by the authority of Plimouth, unto whose government he had subjected himself. .
Hereupon the English in Plimouth Jurisdiction sent a small Army to those towns next Mount-Hope in order to reducing Philip to his obedience, and for the security of those places which were in great danger and in no less fear by reason of the insolency
of the Heathen. . .
[A]s soon as ever the people in Swanzy were come from the place where they had been praying together, the Indians discharged a volly of shot whereby they killed one man & wounded others. . .[T]here were nine english men murthered this day.
Thus did the War begin, this being the first english blood which was spilt by the Indians in an hostile way. The Providence of God is deeply to be observed, that the sword should be first drawn upon a day of [fasting and prayer], the Lord thereby declaring from heaven that he expects something else from his People besides
fasting and prayer.